Alzheimer has long been a prominent and ever increasing health problem in Thailand. Alzheimer’s occurs when the brain cells are damaged or destroyed due to several factors such as age, genetics, brain injury or stroke. Alzheimer is a condition that may manifest over the course of 15 – 20 years before clear symptoms become evident. Previous studies indicated that 10 per cent of people aged 65 and above would develop Alzheimer’s, where people over 85 would have 40 – 50 per cent chance to be diagnosed with the disease. Studies find that gradual memory loss or forgetfulness is the first sign of Alzheimer’s that can happen to people aged 50 and above. This cognitive deterioration can be difficult to detect.
Today, there are approximately 50 million people worldwide who have been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s. The number of people diagnosed with this disease in Thailand is expected to rise in the next 10 years.
Early diagnosis is crucial for medical treatment planning and making lifestyle changes to stall the progression of the disease.
There are two types of dementia which are Alzheimer’s disease and non – Alzheimer’s disease. Therefore, in order to get accurate diagnosis, the FDG-PET scan is recommended so appropriate treatment and support can be provided.
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